U5d1-64 – need to know spss – what evidence shows correlation versus

IBM SPSS Step-by-Step Guide: Correlations.

U5D1- Correlation Versus Causation

• If correlation does not imply causation, what does it imply?

• Are there ever any circumstances when a correlation can be interpreted as evidence for a causal connection between two variables?

• If yes, what circumstances?


To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:

1. Analyze the interpretation of correlation coefficients.

2. Identify the assumptions of correlation.

3. Identify null hypothesis testing of correlation.

4. Interpret a correlation reported in the scientific literature.

5. Analyze the assumptions of correlation.

Unit 5 Study 1

Use your Warner text, Applied Statistics: From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques , to complete the following:

• Read Chapter 7, “Bivariate Pearson Correlation,” pages 261–314. This chapter addresses the following topics:

◦ Assumptions of Pearson’s r.

◦ Preliminary data screening for Pearson’s r.

◦ Statistical significance tests for Pearson’s r.

◦ Factors influencing the magnitude and sign of Pearson’s r.

◦ Effect-size indexes.

◦ Interpretation of Pearson’s r values.

• Read Chapter 8, “Alternative Correlation Coefficients,” pages 315–343. This chapter addresses the following topics:

◦ Correlations for rank or ordinal scores.

◦ Correlations for true dichotomies.

◦ Correlations for artificial dichotomies.

◦ Chi-square test of association.


Walk, M., & Rupp, A. (2010). Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient. In N. J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of research design (pp. 1023–1026). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. doi:10.4135/9781412961288.n309

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more