Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients

  4 DQ 2

     To sustain a balanced lifestyle, exercise is an essential part of daily life. People who do not remain healthy and exercise on a regular basis are more likely to develop cardiovascular diseases such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, heart disease, high cholesterol, cancer, depression, anxiety, and dementia.

     Diabetes and cardiovascular disease are two of the most common risky diseases that affect mainly middle-aged Americans today. To begin with, heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States for men, women, and individuals of most racial and ethnic groups. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases account for one out of every three deaths in the United States. Cardiovascular disorders claim the lives of one human every 36 seconds in the United States. Second, more than 34 million Americans have diabetes, with one of every four of them being unaware of their condition.

     Physical activity is beneficial to diabetics because it renders the body more receptive to insulin management. Both physical activity aids in the regulation of blood sugar levels, as well as the prevention of nerve injury and heart disease. Nurses must remind patients to check their blood sugar levels before, after, and after physical exercise. Clients can eat a healthy snack comprising 15 to 30 grams of carbohydrates if their blood sugar is low until exercising. Blood sugar levels above 240 mg/dl could be too high to reliably engage in physical activity.

     The CDC recommends 150 minutes of low intensity physical activity a week, such as exercising, playing sports, or doing housework. To gain the client’s confidence, the nurse does not push exercise on them, but rather advise them to take it slowly and start small. The client should be encouraged to choose an enjoyable exercise, choose a partner, commit to a goal, and schedule workouts during the week. Another piece of advice that nurses should give their patients is to take the stairs rather than the elevator, park farther away from the supermarket, and do jumping jacks during commercial breaks.

Respond by using 200-300 words APA format with references supporting the discussion.

 For the middle-aged adult, exercise can reduce the risk of various health problems. Choose two at-risk health issues that regular physical exercise and activity can help prevent and manage. Discuss the prevalence of each of these health problems in society today. Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives. Include the kind of activities you would recommend, the amount of exercise, and the approach you would use to gain cooperation from the client. Support your response with evidence-based literature. 

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